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IPv6 OSPF/v3: Case Study

May 20 2013 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco & Cisco Network

This document is an illustration of Stub, Totally Stub and NSSA area feature in an IPv6 environment. Stub, NSSA, and totally stubby are supported and configured in the exact same way as for OSPFv2 for IPv4, using the area stub, area nssa, and area stub no-summary commands. 

In this document, three routers (R1,R2 and R3) are configured with OSPFv3 routing protocol, with router R1 and R3 in Area 0 and R1/R2 in Area 12. Router R3, has three Loopback interfaces and are advertised via OSPFv3. The only exception of Loopback 3, which is redistributed into OSPFv3 routing protocol to make it as an external route. This is done purposely to differentiate between different type of routes received by router R2 under different cisrcumstances. Under Normal conditions, i.e. running OSPFv3 without any of the stub feature all these routes will appear at R2 as below.

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study01.png

Note: route OE2 is external as it was redistributed on R3 as a connected route. See configuration of R3.

All configurations are tested on Cisoc 7200 series router running  Cisco IOS 15.1(3)S3 advance ip services image.

Prerequisite

Topology Diagram

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study02.png

Configuration

For complete configuration, see attached files (R1, R2 and R3).

Case Study 1: OSPFv3 Stub Routing

In Stub routing, the router gets a deafult route and the internal OSPF routes. The external routes are filtered out. Stub feature is configured by command "area x stub" under the OSPFv3 routing configuration mode. It is important to configure both the ends by keyword stub.

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study03.png

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study04.png

Note: A deafult toute::/0 along with OSPF Internal routes are only received by stub router R2. Prefix AA3::33 is an external route and is filetered out, even though it is reachable.

Case Study 2: OSPFv3 Totally Stubby Area

In Totally stubby area, the stub router receieves only the default route and all other (intra, inter, external) are filtered out. The feature can be configured on any one router by command "area x stub no-summary".

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study05-copy-1.png

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study06.png

Note: Stub Router, R2, receives only the default route ::/0.

Case Study 3: OSPFv3 Not So Stubby Area (NSSA)

The feature works with command "area x nssa". With NSSA, the routes receives only the Intra and Inter OSPF routes, all other routes (External) are filtered out. For NSSA, the configuration is done at both the ends.

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study07.png

IPv6-OSPFv3-Case-Study08.png

Note: Stub Router R2, is receives only the Intra/Inter OSPF routes.

References

Implementing OSPF for IPv6

---DOC from https://supportforums.cisco.com/docs/DOC-25487

More Related OSPF Tips:

How to Troubleshoot OSPF?

OSPF, How to Configure OSPF in the Cisco IOS?

How to Configure OSPF in a Single Area?

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