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How to Configure a Cisco Layer 3 switch-Inter VLAN Routing?

April 12 2012 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco Switches - Cisco Firewall

 

Cisco Catalyst switches equipped with the Enhanced Multilayer Image (EMI) can work as Layer 3 devices with full routing capabilities. Example switch models that support layer 3 routing are the 3550, 3750, 3560 etc.

On a Layer3-capable switch, the port interfaces work as Layer 2 access ports by default, but you can also configure them as “Routed Ports” which act as normal router interfaces. That is, you can assign an IP address directly on the routed port. Moreover, you can configure also a Switch Vlan Interface (SVI) with the “interface vlan” command which acts as a virtual layer 3 interface on the Layer3 switch.

On this post I will describe a scenario with a Layer3 switch acting as “Inter Vlan Routing” device together with two Layer2 switches acting as closet access switches. See the diagram below:

How-to-Configure-a-Cisco-Layer-3-switch-Inter-VLAN--copy-1.jpg

Interface Fa0/48 of the Layer3 switch is configured as a Routed Port with IP address 10.0.0.1. Two Vlans are configured on the L3 switch, Vlan10 and Vlan20. For Vlan10 we will create an SVI with IP address 10.10.10.10 and for Vlan20 an SVI with IP address 10.20.20.20. These two IP addresses will be the default gateway addresses for hosts belonging to Vlan10 and Vlan20 on the Layer2 switches respectively. That is, hosts connected on Vlan10 on the closet L2 switches will have as default gateway the IP address 10.10.10.10. Similarly, hosts connected on Vlan20 on the closet switches will have address 10.20.20.20 as their default gateway. Traffic between Vlan10 and Vlan20 will be routed by the L3 Switch (InterVlan Routing). Also, all interfaces connecting the three switches must be configured as Trunk Ports in order to allow Vlan10 and Vlan20 tagged frames to pass between switches. Let’s see a configuration snapshot for all switches below:

Cisco L2 Switch (same configuration for both switches)

!  Create VLANs 10 and 20 in the switch database
Layer2-Switch# configure terminal
Layer2-Switch(config)# vlan 10
Layer2-Switch(config-vlan)# end

 

Layer2-Switch(config)# vlan 20
Layer2-Switch(config-vlan)# end

 

!  Assign Port Fe0/1 in VLAN 10
Layer2-Switch(config)# interface fastethernet0/1
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan 10
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# end

 

!  Assign Port Fe0/2 in VLAN 20
Layer2-Switch(config)# interface fastethernet0/2
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan 20
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# end

 

!  Create Trunk Port Fe0/24
Layer2-Switch(config)# interface fastethernet0/24
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Layer2-Switch(config-if)# end

 

Cisco Layer 3 Switch

! Enable Layer 3 routing
Layer3-Switch(config) # ip routing

 

!  Create VLANs 10 and 20 in the switch database
Layer3-Switch# configure terminal
Layer3-Switch(config)# vlan 10
Layer3-Switch(config-vlan)# end

 

Layer3-Switch(config)# vlan 20
Layer3-Switch(config-vlan)# end

 

!  Configure a Routed Port for connecting to the ASA firewall 
Layer3-Switch(config)# interface FastEthernet0/48
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# description To Internet Firewall
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# no switchport
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# ip address 10.0.0.1 255.255.255.252

 

!  Create Trunk Ports Fe0/47 Fe0/46
Layer3-Switch(config)# interface fastethernet0/47
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# end

 

Layer3-Switch(config)# interface fastethernet0/46
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# switchport mode trunk
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# end

 

!  Configure Switch Vlan Interfaces (SVI)
Layer3-Switch(config)# interface vlan10
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# ip address 10.10.10.10 255.255.255.0
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# no shut

 

Layer3-Switch(config)# interface vlan20
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# ip address 10.20.20.20 255.255.255.0
Layer3-Switch(config-if)# no shut

 

!  Configure default route towards ASA firewall
Layer3-Switch(config)# ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.2

 

NOTE: More discussion of Cisco Layer 3 switch-InterVLAN Routing Configuration from Cisco users you can visit: networkstraining.com

Discussion: Router vs. Layer 3 Switches

Layer 2 Switches & Layer 3 switches

 

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