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Cisco LAP (Lightweight Access Point), Some Questions

April 9 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco Wireless - Cisco Wireless AP

Cisco LAP (Lightweight Access Point), Some Questions

Cisco LAP (Lightweight Access Point), Some Questions

A LAP is an AP that is designed to be connected to a wireless LAN (WLAN) controller (WLC). The LAP provides dual band support for IEEE 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g and simultaneous air monitoring for dynamic, real-time radio frequency (RF) management. The Cisco LAP is part of the Cisco Unified Wireless Network architecture. In addition, Cisco LAPs handle time-sensitive functions, such as Layer 2 encryption, that enable Cisco WLANs to securely support voice, video, and data applications.

APs are “lightweight,” which means that they cannot act independently of a wireless LAN controller (WLC). The WLC manages the AP configurations and firmware. The APs are “zero touch” deployed, and individual configuration of APs is not necessary. The APs are also lightweight in the sense that they handle only real-time MAC functionality. The APs leave all the non-real-time MAC functionality to be processed by the WLC. This architecture is referred to as the “split MAC” architecture.

You cannot configure the LAP to operate independent of a wireless LAN controller (WLC). LAPs cannot function independent of WLCs. LAPs function in conjunction with a WLC only. The reason is that the WLC provides all the configuration parameters and firmware that the LAP needs in the registration process.

LWAPP (Lightweight AP Protocol) is an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) draft protocol that defines the control messaging for setup and path authentication and run-time operations. LWAPP also defines the tunneling mechanism for data traffic.

A LAP discovers a controller with the use of LWAPP discovery mechanisms. The LAP sends an LWAPP join request to the controller. The controller sends the LAP an LWAPP join response, which allows the AP to join the controller. When the LAP joins to the controller, the LAP downloads the controller software if the revisions on the LAP and controller do not match. Subsequently, the LAP is completely under the control of the controller. LWAPP secures the control communication between the LAP and the controller by means of a secure key distribution. The secure key distribution requires already provisioned X.509 digital certificates on both the LAP and the controller. Factory-installed certificates are referenced with the term "MIC", which is an acronym for Manufacturing Installed Certificate. Cisco Aironet APs that shipped before July 18, 2005, do not have a MIC. So these APs create a self-signed certificate (SSC) when they are upgraded in order to operate in lightweight mode. Controllers are programmed to accept SSCs for the authentication of specific APs.

And what is CAPWAP?

In controller software release 5.2 or later, Cisco lightweight access points use the IETF standard Control and Provisioning of Wireless Access Points protocol (CAPWAP) in order to communicate between the controller and other lightweight access points on the network. Controller software releases prior to 5.2 use the Lightweight Access Point Protocol (LWAPP) for these communications.

CAPWAP, which is based on LWAPP, is a standard, interoperable protocol that enables a controller to manage a collection of wireless access points. CAPWAP is being implemented in controller software release 5.2 for these reasons:

  • To provide an upgrade path from Cisco products that use LWAPP to next-generation Cisco products that use CAPWAP
  • To manage RFID readers and similar devices
  • To enable controllers to interoperate with third-party access points in the future

LWAPP-enabled access points can discover and join a CAPWAP controller, and conversion to a CAPWAP controller is seamless. For example, the controller discovery process and the firmware downloading process when you use CAPWAP are the same as when you use LWAPP. The one exception is for Layer 2 deployments, which are not supported by CAPWAP.

You can deploy CAPWAP controllers and LWAPP controllers on the same network. The CAPWAP-enabled software allows access points to join either a controller that runs CAPWAP or LWAPP. The only exception is the Cisco Aironet 1140 Series Access Point, which supports only CAPWAP and therefore joins only controllers that run CAPWAP. For example, an 1130 series access point can join a controller that runs either CAPWAP or LWAPP whereas an 1140 series access point can join only a controller that runs CAPWAP.

For more information, refer to the Access Point Communication Protocols section of the configuration guide.

Is it a regular AP or a LAP? The easiest way to distinguish between a regular AP and a LAP is to look at the part number of the AP.

  • LAP (Lightweight AP Protocol [LWAPP])—Part numbers always begin with AIR-LAPXXXX.
  • Autonomous AP (Cisco IOS Software)—Part numbers always begin with AIR-APXXXX.

The Cisco Aironet 1000 Series LAPs are an exception to this criteria. The part numbers of the 1000 series LAPs are:

  • AIR-AP1010-A-K9 for a 1010 LAP
  • AIR-AP1020-A-K9 for a 1020 LAP
  • AIR-AP1030-A-K9 for a 1030 LAP

Note: The part numbers can vary, which depends on the country and regulatory domain. The part numbers that this list provides are just examples.

Make sure that you order the appropriate AP for your wireless LAN (WLAN).

These Cisco Aironet AP platforms are able to run LWAPP:

  • Aironet 1500 Series
  • Cisco Aironet 1250 Series
  • Aironet 1240 AG Series
  • Aironet 1230 AG Series
  • Aironet 1200 Series
  • Aironet 1130 AG Series
  • Aironet 1000 Series
  • Aironet 1140 Series AP

Note: The 1140 Series AP is supported only with WLC that runs 5.2 release or later.

Note: You can order these Aironet APs with Cisco IOS Software to operate as autonomous APs or to operate with LWAPP. The part number determines if an AP is a Cisco IOS Software-based AP or an LWAPP-based AP. Here are examples:

  • AIR-AP1242AG-A-K9 is a Cisco IOS Software-based AP.
  • AIR-LAP1242AG-P-K9 is an LWAPP-based AP.

Note: The 1000 Series APs and the 1500 Series APs are exceptions to this criterion. All the 1000 Series APs and the 1500 Series APs support only LWAPP.

How do I install and configure an LWAPP-enabled access point? LWAPP-enabled APs are part of the Cisco Integrated Wireless Network Solution and require no manual configuration before they are mounted. The AP is configured by an LWAPP-capable Cisco Wireless LAN Controller (WLC). Refer to the Quick Start Guide LWAPP-Enabled Cisco Aironet Access Points for information on how to install and initially configure an LWAPP-enabled access point.

If I want to configure my LAP and my wireless LAN controller (WLC) together, what shall I do? LAPs use Lightweight AP Protocol (LWAPP), and when they join a WLC, the WLC sends the LAPs all the configuration parameters and firmware. Refer to the Wireless LAN Controller and Lightweight Access Point Basic Configuration Example for a basic setup.

Also you cannot connect an autonomous AP to a wireless LAN controller (WLC) and expect the AP to work. Only LAPs work when they are connected to a WLC. Autonomous APs do not understand the Lightweight AP Protocol (LWAPP) or the CAPWAP protocol that the WLC uses. In order to connect an autonomous AP to a WLC, you must first convert the autonomous AP to lightweight mode.

The number of APs supported per WLC depends on the model number:

  • 2106—A standalone WLC that supports up to 6 APs with 8 Fast Ethernet interfaces.
  • 4402—A standalone WLC that supports either 12, 25, or 50 APs.
  • 4404—A standalone WLC that supports 100 APs.
  • 5500—A standalone WLC that supports 12, 25, 50,100, or 250 access points for business-critical wireless services at locations of all sizes.
  • WLCM—A WLC module that is specifically designed for Cisco's Integrated Service Router (ISR) series. It's currently available in a 6, 8 or 12 AP version.
  • WS-C3750G—A WLC that supports either 25 or 50 APs that comes integrated with the Catalyst 3750 switch. The WLC's backplane connections appear as 2-Gig Ethernet ports that can be configured separately as dot1q trunks to provide connection into the 3750. Or the Gig ports can be link aggregated to provide a single EtherChannel connection to the 3750. Because the WLC is integrated directly, it has access to all of the advanced routing and switching features available in the 3750 stackable switch. This WLC is ideal for medium-sized offices or buildings. The `50 AP' version can scale up to 200 APs when four 3750s are stacked together as a virtual switch.
  • WiSM—A WLC module that is designed specifically for Cisco's Catalyst 6500 switch series. It supports up to 300 APs per module. Depending on the 6500 platform, multiple WISMs can be installed to offer significant scaling capabilities. The WiSM appears as a single aggregated link interface on the 6500 that can be configured as a dot1 trunk to provide connection into the 6500 backplane. This module is ideal for large buildings or campuses.

Reference from http: //www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/wireless/aironet-1200-series/70278-lap-faq.html

More about Cisco Wireless and Wireless AP you can read page

How to Convert a Cisco SAP to AIR-CAP?

http://blog.router-switch.com/category/reviews/cisco-wireless-ap/

See comments

How to Assign Static ip to LAP 1131AG before Registering to WLC?

April 3 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch

Each of the WLCs that receives the LWAPP discovery message replies with a unicast LWAPP discovery response message to the LAP.

Each of the WLCs that receives the LWAPP discovery message replies with a unicast LWAPP discovery response message to the LAP.

How to assign static ip to lightweight Access Point 1131AG before registering to controller? Some user raised the question like that: He has Wireless LAN controller (WLC) is installed in corporate office with H-reap enabled so that remote office access point can be registered with corporate office controller. This AP was registered with WLC on different subnet and he has shifted this AP to other remote office and want to assign static IP address.

More Notes: APs are “lightweight,” which means that they cannot act independently of a wireless LAN controller (WLC). The WLC manages the AP configurations and firmware. The APs are “zero touch” deployed, and individual configuration of APs is not necessary. The APs are also lightweight in the sense that they handle only real-time MAC functionality. The APs leave all the non-real-time MAC functionality to be processed by the WLC. This architecture is referred to as the “split MAC” architecture. We cannot configure the LAP to operate independent of a wireless LAN controller (WLC). LAPs cannot function independent of WLCs. LAPs function in conjunction with a WLC only. The reason is that the WLC provides all the configuration parameters and firmware that the LAP needs in the registration process.

While assigning static IP address to remote site AP through console before registering to the controller, after login into the AP, we got the console with below name:

......MAC Address....>

But when we try any command to assign IP address, it shows the error "Command Disabled"

Condition

We can connect this AP to corporate office LAN and get registered with WLC and then through WLC GUI and can assign static IP address but we need solution to assign static IP before getting registered to WLC.

We Also tried the following command, but got error "Command disabled "

AP#lwapp ap ip address <IP address> <subnet mask>
AP#lwapp ap ip default-gateway <IP-address>
AP#lwapp ap controller ip address <IP-address>
AP#lwapp ap hostname <name>

By Default in LWAPP APs the config commands are disabled. We need to issue the command:

"debug lwapp console cli"
or
"debug capwap console cli"

(depending on the version of the sw of the AP)

After this you can use the AP config as you would do in IOS APs.

Workaround

There is one Bug CSCsy17745 filed for this issue. The workaround will be helpful to fix the issue: http://tools.cisco.com/Support/BugToolKit/search/getBugDetails.do?method=fetchBugDetails&bugId=CSCsy17745

The command DEBUG LWAPP CONSOLE CLI is a HIDDEN command. Please enter the complete command and then you need to perform the work around mentioned in this Bug.

"lwapp ap" CLI always returns "ERROR!!! Command is disabled.".

Symptom:

When attempting to configure a lightweight AP using the "Ease of Deploy" CLI, i.e. the "lwapp ap" exec mode command, from the console, the following error is returned:

ERROR!!! Command is disabled.

Conditions:

The access point is running the lightweight IOS featureset (k9w8) or recovery image (rcvk9w8).

Workaround 1:

1. configure the AP to boot the recovery image:
ap#debug lwapp console cli (use "debug capwap console cli" if running 5.2 or above)
ap#dir flash:/ (look for a folder with "rcvk9w8" in its name)
ap#configure terminal
ap(config)#boot system flash:/c1250-rcvk9w8-mx/c1250-rcvk9w8-mx

2. disconnect the AP from the LAN (e.g. shutdown the switchport)

3. reload the AP

4. from the AP console, clear the LWAPP (CAPWAP) configuration:

ap#clear lwapp private-config

5. You can now enter the "lwapp ap" "Ease of Deploy" CLI commands.

Workaround 2:

1. Disconnect the AP from the LAN (e.g. shutdown the switchport)

2. ap#debug lwapp console cli (use "debug capwap console cli" if running 5.2 or above)

3. ap#write erase

4. ap#reload

5. After reloading, you can now use the "lwapp ap" (or "capwap ap")

"Ease of Deploy" CLI commands.

Workaround 3:

ap#test lwapp controller ip a.b.c.d [w.x.y.z] (or "test capwap controller")

More information:

Even with the resolution of this bug, the "capwap ap hostname" CLI is still disabled. See CSCtl96208.

Source

Discussion from how to assign static ip to lightweight Access Point 1131AG before registering to controller

Reference from https://supportforums.cisco.com/document/71531/how-assign-static-ip-lightweight-access-point-lap-1131ag-registering-controller-wlc

More Related…http://blog.router-switch.com/category/reviews/cisco-wireless-ap/

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802.11ac Solution, Benefits & Migration

March 30 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco Wireless - Cisco Wireless AP

wifi-80211ac

wifi-80211ac

802.11ac vs. 802.11n
802.11ac vs. 802.11n

802.11ac is important? Do you want to upgrade to 802.11ac? Why? 802.11ac addresses the speed and capacity challenges facing the next-generation unified access network

● Wi-Fi is the primary access method for all new devices.

● Cisco VNI trend data shows that by 2016 over half of all IP traffic will originate on fixed Wi-Fi.

● Chip manufacturers have accelerated their delivery timetables for 802.11ac to meet device manufacturers’ demands.

● Wi-Fi is assumed. Device manufacturers have never included Ethernet ports on smartphones or tablets, and they are no longer including Ethernet ports on laptops.

Benefits of 802.11ac

802.11ac offers longer battery life, more bandwidth, greater client density, and fast client adoption.

Longer battery life: Better airtime utilization means devices are on and off the network more efficiently, conserving precious battery life.

More bandwidth: Three to four times higher throughput than 802.11n means users have better experience for data, voice, video, virtual desktops, etc.

Greater client density: More users and more devices per user can be accommodated.

Fast client adoption: Client devices such as smartphones and tablets are adopting 802.11ac faster than 802.11n.

802.11ac radios also support 802.11a/n clients.

● Most enterprise-grade access points provide at least two radios: 2.4 GHz for 802.11b/g/n and 5 GHz for 802.11a/n.

● 802.11ac is offered only in the 5-GHz band.

802.11g/a/n vs. 802.11ac

The differences are found in frequency, speed, modulation, battery savings, and channel width.

Frequency Band: 802.11n operates in both the 2.4-GHz and 5-GHz band. Both 802.11a and 802.11ac operate in 5 GHz band only.

Speed: Some of the latest generation of 802.11n access points have a maximum datarate of 450 Mbps. Wave 1 of 802.11ac provides a maximum datarate of 1.3 Gbps, and Wave 2 will offer a maximum datarate of 6.9 Gbps.

Modulation: 802.11ac provides 256 quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) vs. 64-QAM for 802.11n. Basically, when you have better modulation, you can transport more data. 802.11ac can operate up to three times faster than 802.11n.

Battery savings: Since 802.11ac devices are more efficient over the air, they transmit for shorter intervals, conserving battery life. 802.11ac has been shown to improve battery life by up to 2x over 802.11n.

Channel width: 802.11n allows a 20 MHz and 40-MHz channel. 802.11ac allows up to 80-MHz channels in Wave 1 and 160-MHz Channel in Wave 2.

Has the 802.11ac standard been ratified? Yes; the ratification and publication of 802.11ac by IEEE was completed December 9, 2013, and ANSI approved it on December 11, 2013. (The 802.11 timeline updates can always be found under the “RevCom & Standards Board Final or Continuous Process Approval” at http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/802.11_Timelines.htm.)

What is the difference between Wave 1 and Wave 2 of 802.11ac?

The biggest difference is that Wave 1 802.11ac is available now and the expectation is that 802.11ac Wave 2 will come to market in CY15.

● 802.11ac Wave 2 will require new hardware, so it will not simply be a software upgrade to current 802.11ac platforms.

The main features of 802.11ac Wave 1 include: The maximum datarate is 1.3 Gbps; Channel bonding support for 80 MHz (mandatory); Three spatial streams, single-user multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO); Two spatial streams are mandatory for non-battery-powered access points; Only one spatial stream is mandatory for battery-powered access points and clients; Faster modulation: 256-QAM

The main features expected in 802.11ac Wave 2 include: Multi-user MIMO; Up to 8 spatial streams; 160-MHz-wide channels; Maximum datarate is 6.9Gbps

Why deploy 802.11ac Wave 1?

◦ You can expand your network and adopt 802.11ac Wave 1 today, instead of buying 802.11n or waiting for Wave 2, which won’t be available until 2015.

◦ 802.11ac Wave 1 represents fundamental improvements and enhancements to 802.11n in terms of client performance due to three to four times higher throughput than 802.11n.

◦ Device users can expect to have better experience for data, voice, video, virtual desktop, etc.

◦ Wider channel bandwidth in 802.11ac means more real estate to support higher client density in conference rooms, auditoriums, and stadiums.

◦ Client devices are adopting 802.11ac faster than 802.11n.

◦ Smartphones, tablets, and laptops are on and off the network faster with 802.11ac, thereby conserving battery life.

What benefits can I expect with 802.11ac Wave 2?

◦ MU-MIMO switch-like behavior will allow for an even higher number of concurrent Wi-Fi devices.

◦ Higher throughput is expected with the additional spatial streams and 160-MHz-wide channels.

How does Cisco support 802.11ac? Cisco also offers the Aironet 2700 and 3700 Series Access Points, both of which have integrated 802.11ac Wave 1 radios. Cisco also offers an 802.11ac module that can be added to the Cisco Aironet 3600 Series Access Points.

● The Cisco Aironet 3700 Series also support a modular architecture that allows expansion to the Wireless Security Module, the 3G Small Cell Module, and support for future technology such as 802.11ac Wave 2.

Both the Cisco Aironet 3700 and 2700 Series supports Cisco’s High Density Experience (HDX) technology.

● Cisco’s HDX High-Density Experience is a purpose-built Innovative Chipset designed specifically for the high performance environments of 802.11ac.

● The features of HDX includes:

◦ Turbo Performance which Scales to Support More Devices

◦ Running High Bandwidth Apps

◦ Optimized Roaming which Intelligently Decides the Proper

◦ Access Point as People Move

◦ Cisco’s CleanAIr with 80MHZ channel support which mitigates interference and improves channel capacity

◦ Cisco’s ClientLink 3.0 which improves legacy and 802.11ac Client performance

◦ Cross AP Noise Reduction (future) which enables dense Access Point Coexistence/implementation

More Related Topics of Cisco Wireless APs & 802.11ac

Why You Should Upgrade with Cisco 802.11ac Solution?

Cisco Aironet 1700 Series-Entry-Level 802.11ac Access Points

The New Cisco Aironet 1570 Series Access Point

See comments

Cisco IP Phone Reports-Cisco DX650 & DX600

March 25 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch

Technology Trends

Technology Trends

Cisco Comprehensive Collaboration Architecture

Cisco Comprehensive Collaboration Architecture

Why Cisco Collaboration and Cisco Unified IP Phones?

Why Cisco Collaboration and Cisco Unified IP Phones?

Cisco IP Phone Portfolio Choice to Meet Your Needs

Cisco IP Phone Portfolio Choice to Meet Your Needs

Advanced Collaboration Demands a Multi-purpose Endpoint
Advanced Collaboration Demands a Multi-purpose Endpoint

Advanced Collaboration Demands a Multi-purpose Endpoint

  • High-quality voice, video and conferencing
  • Real-time video, integrated presence and viewing of shared documents
  • Access to corporate cloud services and cloud apps
  • Intuitive touch screen navigation and innovative personalization

The Smart Cisco Desk Phone? Cisco Desktop Collaboration Experience DX600 Series

Cisco DX650:

  • Always-On Collaboration for the Desk
  • HD Voice and Video Communications
  • Comprehensive UC suite
  • Integrated Conferencing, IM & Presence
  • On-demand Access to Cloud Apps and Services
  • Personalize with Android
  • IT Deployed & Managed

Why Cisco DX600?

…To be Continued…

More Related Cisco IP Phone Topics

How to Start up a Cisco IP Phone?

Cisco Boosts Enterprise Collaboration Tools for the Modern Workspace

Two Smart Ways to Configure Cisco IP Phones

Cisco Desktop Collaboration Experience DX600 Series

Cisco Desktop Collaboration Experience DX600 Series

Cisco DX650

Cisco DX650

Why Cisco DX600?

Why Cisco DX600?

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6900 Series 40 Gigabit Ethernet Interface Module for Cisco 6500 Series

March 3 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #IT, #Technology

Do you know something about the Cisco Catalyst 6900 Series 40 Gigabit Ethernet Interface Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches? Such as Cisco WS-X6904-40G-2T.

The module is designed to meet the increasing demand for aggregation of 10 Gigabit Ethernet on campus and data center, as well as for high-density 10 Gigabit Ethernet and 40 Gigabit Ethernet transport in the core.

Each port can accept a 40 Gigabit Ethernet C Form-Factor Pluggable (CFP) optics module or be converted to four ports of 10 Gigabit Ethernet with a FourX adapter, enabling customers to deploy 10 Gigabit Ethernet to meet current needs and be ready to transition to 40 Gigabit Ethernet without any disruption. The module can also be used in mixed mode, where one side of the card uses two CFP modules for 2 times 40 Gigabit Ethernet ports and the other side uses two FourX adapters for 8 times 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports.

The Cisco Catalyst 6900 Series 4-Port 40 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Module is compatible only with Cisco Catalyst 6500 Supervisor Engine 2T.

Cisco Catalyst 6900 Series 4-port 40 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Module can operate in a number of modes. Performance mode enables 80 Gigabit Ethernet performance by using two ports without oversubscription. In Oversubscribed mode, the module uses four ports with 2:1 oversubscription.

The 4-Port 40 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Module provides up to 44 x 40 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber ports in a single Cisco Catalyst 6513-E chassis and 88 x 40 Gigabit Ethernet ports in a Cisco Catalyst 6500 Virtual Switching System (VSS) 4T. The module has two 40-Gbps connections (for a total of 80 Gbps) to the 2-Tbps switch fabric of the Cisco Catalyst Supervisor Engine 2T, providing 2:1 oversubscription when all four ports of 40 Gigabit Ethernet or 16 ports of 10 Gigabit Ethernet ports are active.

Cisco Catalyst 6904 modules support two types of CFP optics: CFP-40G-LR4 and CFP-40G-SR4, providing operational distances of up to 10-km over single-mode fiber and 100m over OM3 multimode fiber, respectively. FourX adapters support a variety of Small Form-Factor Pluggable Plus (SFP+) optics

Pluggable Optics for Cisco Catalyst 6900 Series 4-Port 40 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Module

CFP Part Number

Transceiver Type

Wavelength

IEEE Standard

Maximum Distance and Cable Type[1]

CFP-40G-SR4

40GBASE-SR4

850 nm

IEEE 802.3ba

100m over OM3 multi-mode fiber, MPO connector

CFP-40G-LR4

40GBASE-LR4

1310 nm

IEEE 802.3ba

10 km over single-mode fiber, SC duplex connector

CVR-CFP-4SFP10G

FourX coverter to convert each 40GE port into 4 10GE SFP+ ports

 

 

 

For up-to-date information about the end-of-life and end-of-sale status of Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switch compatible transceivers, visit: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/modules/ps5455/prod_eol_notices_list.html.

Each of the 40/10 Gigabit Ethernet ports supports Cisco TrustSec technology and IEEE 802.1ae (MACsec) encryption. The 40/10 Gigabit Ethernet ports also support Security Group Access Control Lists (SGACL), also known as Role-Based Access Control Lists (RBACL), and both Layer 2 and Layer 3 Security Group Tagging (SGT) functionality.

 

More Cisco Optics Module Topics

Catalyst 4500E & 4500X Series 10 GbE Review

About Transceiver & Cisco Transceiver Modules

Cisco XFP vs. SFP vs. SFP+

Cisco SFP vs. GBIC vs. XEP vs. SFP Plus

The Cisco Catalyst 6904 4-Port 40 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Module, fully compliant with the IEEE 802.3ba standard, complements this product portfolio.

The Cisco Catalyst 6904 4-Port 40 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Module, fully compliant with the IEEE 802.3ba standard, complements this product portfolio.

The module also supports Virtual Switch Link (VSL) on all ports in both Oversubscribed mode and Performance mode.

The module also supports Virtual Switch Link (VSL) on all ports in both Oversubscribed mode and Performance mode.

40 Gigabit Ethernet CFP Transceiver and FourX 10 Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ Converter

40 Gigabit Ethernet CFP Transceiver and FourX 10 Gigabit Ethernet SFP+ Converter

Take a Look at WS-X6908-10G-2T or 2TXL-Feature of 6900 Series 8-Port 10 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Modules

Take a Look at WS-X6908-10G-2T or 2TXL-Feature of 6900 Series 8-Port 10 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Modules

Feature Comparison between 6900 Series and 6700 Series 8-Port 10 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Modules

Feature Comparison between 6900 Series and 6700 Series 8-Port 10 Gigabit Ethernet Fiber Modules

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Cisco 4000 Series Integrated Services Routers-Series Comparison

February 9 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco Routers

Cisco users may have a general impression on the Cisco 4000 family. We also talked about the main features of Cisco 4000 ISR routers and the ordering guide. So in this article we will discuss the main model comparison of Cisco 4000 series that contains five platforms: the Cisco 4451, 4431, 4351, 4331, and 4321 ISRs, which differ primarily in performance capabilities and in the number of Network Interface Module (NIM) and Enhanced Service Module (SM-X) slots supported. What’s the main difference between these models? You can check the main table of Cisco 4000 model comparison.

Feature

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

Form factor

1 rack unit (RU)
Desktop

1 RU

2 RU

1 RU

2 RU

Integrated WAN ports

1 GE / SFP
1 GE

1 GE / SFP
1 GE
1 SFP

2 PoE GE / SFP
1 GE/ SFP

2 PoE GE / SFP
2 GE / SFP

2 PoE GE / SFP
2 GE / SFP

Performance

50 Mbps
Upgradable to 100 Mbps

100 Mbps
Upgradable to 300 Mbps

200 Mbps
Upgradable to 400 Mbps

500 Mbps
Upgradeable to 1 Gbps

1 Gbps
Upgradable to 2 Gbps

Management port

1 GE (Integrated Out of Band)

Network Interface Modules (NIM)

2

2

3

3

3

Enhanced Services Module (SM-X)

N/A

1 single-wide

2 single- or
1 double-wide

N/A

2 single- or
1 double-wide

Integrated Services Card (ISC) slots

1
(PVDM 4)

1
(PVDM 4)

1
(PVDM 4)

1
(PVDM 4)

1
(PVDM 4)

USB ports (type A)

1

1

2

2

2

Default/max Flash

4 GB / 8 GB

4 GB / 16 GB

4 GB / 16 GB

8 GB / 32 GB

8 GB / 32 GB

Default/max DRAM

4 GB / 8 GB

4 GB / 16 GB

4 GB / 16 GB

4 GB / 16 GB

4 GB / 16 GB

Power supply type

External: AC, PoE

Internal: AC, PoE

Internal: AC, PoE or DC

Internal: AC, PoE or DC

Internal: AC, PoE or DC

Redundant power supply

No

No

No

Yes
Internal RPS

Yes
Internal RPS

Module online insertion and removal (OIR)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Server virtualization platform (UCS E-Series)

N/A

2-core single-wide,
4-core single-wide

2 core single-wide,
4 core single-wide,
4 core double-wide,
6 core double-wide,
8 core double-wide

N/A

2-core single-wide,
4-core single-wide,
4-core double-wide,
6-core double-wide,
8-core double-wide

Advanced Security

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

Zone-based firewall and NAT services

VRF-Aware Firewall and Network Address Translation (NAT)

Hardware VPN acceleration 
(DES, 3DES, AES)

No

IPSEC VPN services

FlexVPN, Easy VPN remote server, Enhanced Easy VPN, Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN), 
Group Encrypted Transport VPN (GET VPN), V3PN, MPLS VPN

SSL VPN

No

Intrusion prevention

Yes

Network foundation protection

ACL, FPM, control plan protection, control plane policing (CoPP), QoS, role-based CLI access, source-based RTBH, uRPF, SSHv2

Cisco Cloud Web Security

Yes*

Identity-based networking

No

No

No

No

No

Cisco TrustSec

  • Security Group Tag Exchange Protocol (SXP), SGT over GETVPN
  • SGT over IPSEC
  • SGT over DMVPN
  • SGT-based ZBFW
  • Port/Layer 3 interface/IP/subnet-to-SGT mapping
  • SGT export in Flexible NetFlow

Unified Communications

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

Local conferencing

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Digital signal processor support

PVDM4

PVDM4

PVDM4

PVDM4

PVDM4

Cisco Unified Survivable Remote Site 
Telephony support

Up to 50

Up to 100

Up to 750

Up to 1200

Up to 2000

Cisco Unified Communications 
Manager Express support

Up to 50

Up to 100

Up to 250

Up to 350

Up to 450

Cisco Unity Express 
(NM, SM, or ISM)

Use Cisco Unity Connection on UCSE

Use Cisco Unity Connection on UCSE

Use Cisco Unity Connection on UCSE

Use Cisco Unity Connection on UCSE

Use Cisco Unity Connection on UCSE

Cisco Unified Border Element (CUBE)
(SIP/H.323 sessions)

100

400

1000

3000

6000

nano Cisco Unified Border Element (nanoCUBE)
(sessions)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Digital voice and video (T1/E1 channels)

Up to 240

Up to 360

Up to 720

Up to 720

Up to 1200

Analog/BRI voice

Up to 8 ports (FXS, FXO, E/M, BRi)

Up to 12 ports (FXS, FXO, E/M, BRi)

Up to 20 ports (FXS, FXO, E/M, BRi)

Up to 12 ports (FXS, FXO, E/M, BRi)

Up to 20 ports (FXS, FXO, E/M, BRi)

Routing and Multicast

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

IPv4 routing protocols

RIP v1/v2, EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, PBR, PfR

RIP v1/v2, EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, PBR, PfR

RIP v1/v2, EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, PBR, PfR

RIP v1/v2, EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, PBR, PfR

RIP v1/v2, EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, PBR, PfR

Multicast routing protocols

PIM-SM, mroute (static route), and MLD

PIM-SM, mroute (static route), and MLD

PIM-SM, mroute (static route), and MLD

PIM-SM, mroute (static route), and MLD

PIM-SM, mroute (static route), and MLD

IPv6 routing protocols

EIGRP, RIP, OSPFv3, IS-IS, 
BGP and PBR

EIGRP, RIP, OSPFv3, IS-IS, 
BGP and PBR

EIGRP, RIP, OSPFv3, IS-IS, 
BGP and PBR

EIGRP, RIP, OSPFv3, IS-IS, 
BGP and PBR

EIGRP, RIP, OSPFv3, IS-IS, 
BGP and PBR

Wireless LAN

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

Integrated 802.11 b/g/n access point

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Integrated 802.11 a/b/g/n access point

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Unified and autonomous mode

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

RP-TNC connectors for field-replaceable 
optional high-gain antennas

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Diversity (dual antennas)

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Wireless LAN controller module

Available on UCS E-Series

Available on UCS E-Series

Available on UCS E-Series

Available on UCS E-Series

Available on UCS E-Series

Wireless WAN

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

3G /4G LTE cellular

Yes*

Outdoor antennas

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Integrated Switching

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

Maximum switched Ethernet ports

N/A

24

48

N/A

48

Maximum switched Ethernet LAN ports with PoE

N/A

24

48

N/A

48

PoE support (wattage) 
without PoE boost

120 W

250 W

500 W

250 W 
(with optional power supply redundancy)

500 W 
(with optional power supply redundancy)

PoE support (wattage)
with PoE boost

260 W

530 W

990 W

500 W 
(no power supply redundancy)

950 W 
(no power supply redundancy)

EtherSwitch Service Module type (width)

N/A

1 single

2 single or 1 double

N/A

2 single or 1 double

Application Services

4321

4331

4351

4431

4451

Intelligent Path Control

PfR

PfR

PfR

PfR

PfR

Network Contention Control

QoS, HQoS

QoS, HQoS

QoS, HQoS

QoS, HQoS

QoS, HQoS

Application Visibility

NBAR v2

NBAR v2

NBAR v2

NBAR v2

NBAR v2

WAN Optimization

ISR-WAAS

ISR-WAAS, 
vWAAS on UCS E-Series

ISR-WAAS, 
vWAAS on UCS E-Series

ISR-WAAS

ISR-WAAS, 
vWAAS on UCS E-Series

Akamai Connect

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Cisco Application Centric Infrastructure

Application Policy Infrastructure Controller (APIC) with Enterprise Module

* Planned for 1H CY2015

 

More Related Topics to CISCO 4000 Routers

Ordering Guide-Cisco 4400 and 4300 Series Routers/Cisco 4000 Router Family

Ordering Guide-Optional Items, IOS Software Images and Licenses for the Cisco 4000 Series ISR

Cisco 4000 Series ISR, Top Choice for Today’s Branch Offices

 

Bundled Systems for Cisco 4000 Series ISRs Ordering Guide 

See comments

Have a Look at Cisco Multigigabit Ethernet Switches

February 5 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco Switches - Cisco Firewall

Multigigabit Ethernet Technology Supports New Intermediate Network Speeds

Multigigabit-Ethernet-Technology-Supports-New-Intermediate-.jpg

 

Benefits-Multigigabit Ethernet Technology

• Increase network bandwidth and speed without running multiple cables between switches and access points.

• Lower operational costs by getting more performance out of existing cabling infrastructure.

• Power devices that require up to 60W, at speeds over 1 Gbps, even at 10G Base-T rates.

Cisco-Catalyst-3560-CX-Compact-Switch-Deploy-in-a-Snap.jpg

Network needs are changing quickly. Thanks to evolving wireless standards and the rising number of wireless devices, keeping up with data rates and growing traffic can be a challenge. Your traditional Ethernet infrastructure can support speeds up to 1 Gigabit per second (Gbps), but competing today requires much more capacity. One option is completely replacing your legacy cabling infrastructure and upgrading your hardware. But wouldn’t it be better to increase network speed and traffic capacity in a way that’s quick, inexpensive, and efficient?

 

Cisco’s new Multigigabit Ethernet switches offer just that: an easy-to-deploy, budget-friendly solution that allows you to increase network speed and bandwidth using your existing cables. By partnering with other industry leaders to form the NBASE-T Alliance, Cisco uses NBASE-T technology to help you get more out of your existing infrastructure. Save time and money by avoiding upgrades and extending the life of your installed cable plants. And discover the benefits of meeting consumer demand for increased bandwidth and speeds without a large initial investment.

Multigigabit Ethernet technology uses capabilities in your existing cabling infrastructure to meet bandwidth requirements and provide up to five times the performance. The technology enables intermediate data rates of 2.5 and 5 Gbps to ease the jump between traditional rates of 1 Gbps  and 10 Gbps. These intermediate rates run on the majority of installed cables and preserve legacy UTP wiring, which is good for 802.11ac wireless LAN applications.

The technology also supports Power over Ethernet (PoE) forms, including PoE+ and UPOE. Cisco Multigigabit Ethernet switches help you avoid having to run multiple cables between switches and access points and let your networks welcome next-generation traffic speeds and data rates.

As part of our next-generation architecture, Multigigabit Ethernet switches will be supported on multiple Cisco Catalyst platforms:

• Cisco Catalyst 4500E Series Switches: Multigigabit Ethernet technology will be introduced in the form of a new E-Series line card compatible with Supervisor Engine 8-E and beyond.

• Cisco Catalyst 3850 Series Switches: New 24-port and 48-port switches will support Multigigabit technology.

• Cisco Catalyst Compact Switches: A new 8-port switch will support Multigigabit technology.

More about Cisco’s New Compact Switch-Catalyst 3560-CX and 2960-CX Series

Have-a-Look-at-Cisco-Multigigabit-Ethernet-Switches.jpg

An effective work environment encourages collaboration. That often means tearing down office walls to create open workspaces. Doing that is now simpler and less costly, thanks to Cisco’s next generation of compact switches, the Cisco Catalyst 3560-CX and 2960-CX Series.

With their quiet, fan-less design, the switches create many possibilities for designing workspaces. They can reside nearly anywhere outside your wiring closet. Install them in carpeted areas such as offices, conference rooms, classrooms, and retail stores for quick, flexible connections. Rearrange rooms and floors without changing your cabling infrastructure.

Cisco Catalyst 3560-CX Compact Switch

Deploy in a Snap

• Transform your workspaces without cabling hassles and expenses

• Locate switches nearly anywhere, outside your wiring closet

• Deploy Internet of Things (IoT) devices in your enterprise

• Replace your hubs, simplify switch management, and enhance security

• Aggregate gigabit Wi-Fi traffic flows with 10-Gbps uplinks

Cisco-Catalyst-3560-CX-Compact-Switch.png

Consolidate cabling for big savings. Rather than running multiple Ethernet cables from endpoints like IP phones and Wi-Fi access points to a wiring closet, you just connect devices over a few feet of cabling to a nearby 3560-CX or 2960-CX switch. Then connect the compact switch to the wiring closet with a single Ethernet or fiber cable. Using this setup, a 200-room hotel using compact switches in guest rooms can eliminate up to 30 kilometers of cables. And a five-story shopping complex can eliminate about 7.5 kilometers of cable.

Note: 4:1 consolidation of cables, cable reduction of 3x100m for each customer service station. Assume 10 customer service stations per floor. Assume average cable run is 50m across all customer service stations, leads to 300m * 50 * 0.5 = 7,500m total cable reduction.

The Cisco Catalyst 3560-CX and 2960-CX switches enable you to bring sensors, LED lights, building controllers, and other IoT devices onto the network using Power over Ethernet (PoE). The many features and controls offered by these PoE switches make them run more efficiently and reliably. For example, Cisco Perpetual PoE continues powering endpoints even during a switch boot, maximizing uptime. So there’s no need for backup power. The switches provide up to 240 watts of power for PoE devices − twice the capacity of current switches.

For simplified management, these switches have the option to run in Cisco Instant Access mode. Instant Access provides a single point of operation and management for your campus networks. And they support Cisco Plug and Play (PnP) technology, which automates network device deployments.

The Cisco Catalyst compact switches support the full suite of Cisco Catalyst feature set for enterprise-class security and reliability. Cisco TrustSec and other advanced access control features protect against man-in-the-middle attacks and keep your Cisco Catalyst environment secure.

 

More Related Cisco Multigigabit Ethernet Switch Topics

About Cisco Catalyst Multigigabit Ethernet & Cisco Multigigabit Ethernet Switches

The Time of Multigigabit, Cisco’ s New Campus LAN Switches

New Cisco Catalyst 3560-CX and 2960-CX Series Switches Review

CAT-5, CAT-5e, CAT-6, and CAT-7-General Questions

Cat5e and Cat6 Cabling for More Bandwidth? CAT5 vs. CAT5e vs. CAT6

See comments

Bundled Systems for Cisco 4000 Series ISRs Ordering Guide

February 3 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco Routers

Designed to help branch and remote offices do more with less, the Cisco 4000 Series also can be ordered as prepackaged bundled systems for deploying advanced technologies, such as security, unified communications, and application services in the branch office. So in the following part we will talk about the main ordering information of Security Bundles, AX Bundles, and AXV Bundles.

Security Bundles

Cisco router security bundles deliver powerful security features, such as Cisco IOS Software Zone-Based Firewall, VPN, and infrastructure security services over numerous WAN access technologies, providing high levels of performance, scalability, and availability to meet today's growing business requirements. The following Table lists the security bundle for the Cisco 4000 Series ISRs that ship with the Security technology license activated and the advanced security features available for use. By default, this bundle ships with the universal Cisco IOS Software image that supports payload cryptography.

Security Bundle for Cisco 4000 Series ISRs (Includes universalk9 Image and Security License)

Part Number

Description

Technical Service Part Number
(SMARTnet 8x5xNBD*)

ISR4451-X-SEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4451 Security Bundle w/SEC license

CON-SNT-ISX451-X

ISR4431-SEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4431 Security Bundle w/SEC license

CON-SNT-CISCO 4431 ISRCISCO 4431 ISRS

ISR4351-SEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4351 Security Bundle w/SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4351S

ISR4331-SEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4331 Security Bundle w/SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4331S

ISR4321-SEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4321 Security Bundle w/SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4321S

* 8x5xNBD service is delivered 8 hours a day, 5 days a week (weekdays), by next business day.

Unified Communications Bundles

The Cisco 4000 Series ISR voice bundles enable unified communications through a comprehensive signaling and media-processing infrastructure. It includes a variety of protocols, media interworking, signal and media security, transcoding, conferencing, and quality-of-service (QoS) capabilities. You can order these bundles with optional licenses for SRST.

The Unified Communications bundles (except ISR 4321) include the new Cisco Packet Voice DSP Module 4 (PVDM4), which has been optimized for concurrent voice support. The PVDM4 modules support all voice gateway functions of earlier generations of PVDMs.

The table below lists the voice bundle for Cisco 4000 routers that comes with PVDM4, UC technology license, and the unified communications features available for use. By default, this bundle ships with the universal Cisco IOS Software image that supports payload cryptography.

Unified Communications (UC) Bundles for the Cisco 4000 Series ISR Family (Includes universalk9 image, Unified Communications License, and Cisco PVDM4)

Part Number

Description

Technical Service SKU
(SMARTnet 8x5xNBD*)

ISR4451-X-V/K9

Cisco ISR 4451 UC Bundle, PVDM4-64 w/ UC License

CON-SNT-ISR4451-X

ISR4431-V/K9

Cisco ISR 4431 UC Bundle, PVDM4-64, UC License

CON-SNT-ISR4431V

ISR4351-V/K9

Cisco ISR 4351 UC Bundle, PVDM4-64, UC License

CON-SNT-ISR4351V

ISR4331-V/K9

Cisco ISR 4331 UC Bundle, PVDM4-32, UC License

CON-SNT-ISR4331V

ISR4321-V/K9

Cisco ISR 4321 UC Bundle, UC License

CON-SNT-ISR4321V

* 8x5xNBD service is delivered 8 hours a day, 5 days a week (weekdays), by next business day.

The bundles ship with a UC and Security (SEC) technology license and unified communications features available for use. By default, the bundles ship with the universal Cisco IOS Software image that supports payload cryptography.

Voice Security Bundles for Cisco 4000 ISR Family Routers (Include universalk9 image, UC and SEC License, and Cisco PVDM4)

Part Number

Description

Technical Service Part Number
(SMARTnet 8x5xNBD*)

ISR4451-X-VSEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4451 Voice Sec. Bundle, PVDM4-64 w/ UC and SEC License PAK

CON-SNT-ISR41-X

ISR4431- VSEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4431 Voice Sec. Bundle, PVDM4-64 w/ UC and SEC License PAK

CON-SNT-ISR44SEC

ISR4351-VSEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4351 VSEC Bundle, PVDM4-64 w/ UC, SEC Lic, CUBE-25

CON-SNT-ISR4351VS

ISR4331-VSEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4331 VSEC Bundle, PVDM4-32 w/ UC, SEC Lic, CUBE-10

CON-SNT-ISR4331VS

ISR4321-VSEC/K9

Cisco ISR 4321 VSEC Bundle, w/ UC, SEC Lic, CUBE-10

CON-SNT-ISR4321VS

* 8x5xNBD service is delivered 8 hours a day, 5 days a week (weekdays), by next business day.

Information about the Cisco 4000 Series ISR Application Experience Bundle is available in the Cisco Application Experience (AX) ordering guide.

AX Bundles

Cisco router AX bundles deliver a combination of security features along with Cisco Wide Area Application Services (WAAS) features. The security features include the Cisco IOS Software Zone-Based Firewall, VPN, and infrastructure security services over numerous WAN access technologies. The WAAS features include Application Visibility and Control (AVC), Cisco Performance Routing (PFRv3), and application optimization. The Table below lists the AX bundle for Cisco 4000 Series ISRs that comes with the security technology and the WAAS license activated. By default, this bundle ships with the universal Cisco IOS Software image that supports payload cryptography.

AX Bundle for Cisco 4000 (Includes universalk9 Image, WAAS, and Security License)

Part Number

Description

Technical Service Part Number
(SMARTnet 8x5xNBD*)

ISR4451-X-AX/K9

Cisco ISR 4451 AX Bundle w/APP, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4X51-X

ISR4431-AX/K9

Cisco ISR 4431 AX Bundle w/APP, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4431A

ISR4351-AX/K9

Cisco ISR 4351 AX Bundle w/APP, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4351AX

ISR4331-AX/K9

Cisco ISR 4331 AX Bundle w/APP, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4331AX

ISR4321-AX/K9

Cisco ISR 4321 AX Bundle w/APP, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4321AX

* 8x5xNBD service is delivered 8 hours a day, 5 days a week (weekdays), by next business day.

 

AXV Bundles

Cisco router AXV bundles deliver a combination of security features along with Cisco Unified Communications (UC) and Cisco WAAS. The security features include the Cisco IOS Software Zone-Based Firewall, VPN, and infrastructure security services over numerous WAN access technologies, offering high levels of performance, scalability, and availability to meet today's growing business requirements. The WAAS features include Application Visibility and Control (AVC), Cisco Performance Routing (PFRv3) and application optimization. The bundles also ship with a UC technology license, and unified communications features available for use.

The following table lists the AXV bundle for the Cisco 4000 Routers that come with the security, UC, and WAAS licenses activated. By default, this bundle ships with the universal Cisco IOS Software image that supports payload cryptography.

AXV Bundle for Cisco 4000 Series ISRs (Includes universalk9 Image, WAAS, and SEC License)

Part Number

Description

Technical Service Part Number
(SMARTnet 8x5xNBD*)

ISR4451-X-AXV/K9

Cisco ISR 4451 AXV Bundle w/APP, UC, PVDM4-64, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4451

ISR4431-AXV/K9

Cisco ISR 4431 AXV Bundle w/APP, UC, PVDM4-64, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4431AX

ISR4351-AXV/K9

Cisco ISR 4351 AXV Bundle w/APP, UC, PVDM4-64, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4351XV

ISR4331-AXV/K9

Cisco ISR 4331 AXV Bundle w/APP, UC, PVDM4-32, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4331XV

ISR4321-AXV/K9

Cisco ISR 4321 AXV Bundle w/APP, UC, SEC license

CON-SNT-ISR4321XV

* 8x5xNBD service is delivered 8 hours a day, 5 days a week (weekdays), by next business day.

 

Cisco and Partner Services for the Branch Office

Transform the branch-office experience and accelerate business innovation and growth using intelligent, personalized services from Cisco and our partners. We have the depth and breadth of expertise to create a clear, replicable, optimized branch-office footprint across technologies. Planning and design services align technology with business goals and can increase the accuracy, speed, and efficiency of deployment. Technical services help improve operational efficiency, save money, and mitigate risk. Optimization services are designed to continuously improve performance and help your team succeed with new technologies.

Technical Services Available for Cisco 4000 Series ISRs

● Cisco SMARTnet Services provide comprehensive technical support services for the Cisco 4000 Series ISRs (both base systems and bundled systems), Cisco IOS Software and feature licenses, and modules that include the Cisco Unified Computing System (Cisco UCS®) E-Series Module. Cisco SMARTnet Services include advance hardware replacement, OS updates, online tools and resources, and Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) support.

● Cisco Application Support plus Upgrades (SASU) provides technical support services, including updates and upgrades for any Cisco software application running on the Cisco UCS E-Series Module.

The Cisco technical services use cases that match the system you buy.

If You Buy a Cisco 4000 Base or Bundled System with:

You Need:

Any Cisco IOS Software, including technology or feature licenses for Cisco IOS Software

Cisco SMARTnet Service

Any modules, including Cisco UCS E-Series Modules

Cisco SMARTnet Service

An application running on a Cisco UCS E-Series Module

Cisco SMARTnet Service + SASU

A security feature set and you do not require intrusion-prevention-system (IPS) signature updates

Cisco SMARTnet Service

 

Reference from  http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/collateral/routers/4000-series-integrated-services-routers-isr/guide-c07-732797.html#_Toc407238273

 

More…

Cisco 4000 Series ISR, Top Choice for Today’s Branch Offices

Cisco 4451-X vs. Cisco 3945E vs. 3925E vs. Cisco 3945 vs. 3925 Router

Ordering Guide-Cisco 4400 and 4300 Series Routers/Cisco 4000 Router Family

Ordering Guide-Optional Items, IOS Software Images and Licenses for the Cisco 4000 Series ISR

See comments

What Items You Need When Ordering a Cisco Aironet 1530 Outdoor AP?

January 27 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Cisco Wireless - Cisco Wireless AP

If you want to order a Cisco Aironet 1530, do you know what basic item you will get?

The body access point, power supply, Antennas, and software….That’s not enough.

 A fully operational system requires at least the following items: Access point, Power source, Antennas: 2.4 GHz, 5 GHz, or dual band (Cisco Aironet 1532E Outdoor Access Point only), Mounting bracket, Software selection.

Cisco-Aironet-1530-AP.jpg

Note that accessories are available as configurable options and as spares. An equal sign (=) at the end of the part number indicates that the part is a spare: for example, AIR-PWRINJ1500-2=.

Basically, the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series is available in two models:

● Cisco Aironet 1532I (internal antennas): The Cisco Aironet 1532I Outdoor Access Point is a low-profile, lightweight model in the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series. The smaller size and sleeker look helps it blend in with the surrounding environment. The Cisco Aironet 1532I access points are dual-radio systems with internal antennas and comply with IEEE 802.11b/g/n (2.4 GHz) and 802.11a/n (5 GHz) standards. The 2.4-GHz radio is a 3x3 multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) radio that supports up to three spatial streams. The 5-GHz radio is a 2x3 MIMO radio that supports two spatial streams.

● Cisco Aironet 1532E (external antennas): The Cisco Aironet 1532E Outdoor Access Point is also a low-profile and lightweight model, but it supports a flexible radio coverage area through the use of external antennas. With the unique Cisco Flexible Antenna Port technology, the antenna ports can be software configured for dual-band or single-band operation.

Cisco Aironet 1530 Series Models

Part Number

Description

AIR-CAP1532I-x-K9

802.11n Low-Profile Outdoor AP, Internal Ant., x Reg Dom.

AIR-CAP1532E-x-K9

802.11n Low-Profile Outdoor AP, External Ant., x Reg Dom.

In Table above, “x” is a placeholder for the regulatory domain designator. Please see http://www.cisco.com/go/aironet/compliance to determine which regulatory domain is used in your country. Note that the regulatory domain used in your country might differ depending on access point model and that some models are not available for all countries.

The following items are included with every model:

● Access point

● Grounding lug

● DC power connector

● One liquid-tight adapter for sealing the cable ingress connection

● Sealant for the antenna connections

● Antiseizing compound for the mounting brackets

 

In the following part, we will introduce each item of a Cisco Aironet 1530 Series that is required in your deployment.

Network Connection

The Cisco Aironet 1530 Series access points can connect to the network wirelessly or through a wired Ethernet connection.

● Wireless: An access point that connects to the network through another access point over a wireless backhaul is known as a mesh access point (MAP). The backhaul radio is built in, and no wired connection is needed for MAPs. An access point that acts as the gateway for mesh nodes is known as a root access point (RAP). RAPs connect to the network through a wired Ethernet connection. In these cases, a liquid-tight adapter is provided with the access point to seal the cable entry.

● Ethernet: The Cisco Aironet 1530 Series supports 10/100/1000 Gigabit Ethernet using a shielded RJ-45 connector with minimum Category 5 cable. Please see your local supplier for an outdoor-rated cable and shielded connectors.

 

Power

Powering Options for the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series

Part Number

AC

DC

Power over Ethernet (PoE)

AIR-CAP1532I-x-K9

AC/DC adapter

24-57 VDC

UPoE or PoE+(802.3at)*

AIR-CAP1532E-x-K9

AC/DC adapter

24-57 VDC

PoE+(802.3at)

*When the Cisco Aironet 1532I is powered using Enhanced PoE (PoE+) power, the access point will automatically disable one of the 2.4-GHz transmitters.

AC Power

To power the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series from an AC power source, an external AC/DC power adapter is required. When powering the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series from streetlight power, please note that the maximum voltage is 277 VAC and requires the power adapter and the street light tap. The following lists the power adapter and tap part numbers.

AC/DC Power Adapter and Streetlight Tap

Part Number

Description

AIR-PWRADPT-1530=

Power Adapter (AC/DC) - Outdoor AP1530 Series

AIR-PWRADPT2-1530=

Power Adapter (AC/DC) - Outdoor AP1530 Series, for Japan only

AIR-PWR-ST-LT-R3P=

Power cord, 4 ft, Streetlight Tap

Power over Ethernet

The Cisco Aironet 1530 Series can be powered over the Ethernet connection. Power can be sourced directly from an appropriately powered switch port or from an inline power injector. The approved power injectors are listed in Table 4.

Power Injector for Use with Power over Ethernet

Part Number

Description

AIR-PWRINJ1500-2=

1520/1550/1530 Series Power Injector

AIR-PWRINJ-30=

Power Injector - 30W for AP1530 - Spare

You must also specify the country type power cord for the power injector. The AIR-PWRINJ1500-2= and AIR-PWRINJ-30= power injectors are for indoor environments only.

The Cisco Aironet 1530 Series access points use a standard RJ-45 Ethernet connector. Cisco does not provide an Ethernet cable for the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series. You will need to source an outdoor-rated, Category 5 or better Ethernet cable and shielded RJ-45 connectors from a local supplier. A liquid-tight gland is provided with the access point to seal this cable entry point from weather.

DC Power

The Cisco Aironet 1530 Series access points support power from an external 24 to 57 VDC power supply with a minimum of 30 watts (W). A terminal block is included with your access point for this purpose, with liquid-tight adapter to weatherproof the connection. When using DC power, please consult the hardware installation guide for instructions on how to correctly assemble the connector.

The Cisco Aironet 1530 Series can be installed with redundant power sources. When multiple power sources are available, the access point will use power in the following priority: DC power & PoE

Antennas

The Cisco Aironet 1532E access points are equipped with a combination of radios operating in the 2.4- and 5-GHz bands. Both radios can support two transmit and two receive streams using Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC), which takes advantage of multipath signals received across the two antennas to improve signal quality.

The table below describes the antennas available for the Cisco Aironet 1532E access points, listing part numbers for the antennas as well as gain and other details.

Antennas for the Cisco Aironet 1532E Access Point

Part Number

Frequency Band

Gain

Type

Required Quantity

AIR-ANT2547VG-N

2.4/5 GHz

4/7 dBi

Omnidirectional

2

AIR-ANT2547V-N

2.4/5 GHz

4/7 dBi

Omnidirectional

2

AIR-ANT2588P3M-N=

2.4/5 GHz

8/8 dBi

Directional

1

AIR-ANT2450V-N

2.4 GHz

5 dBi

Omnidirectional

2

AIR-ANT2480V-N

2.4 GHz

8 dBi

Omnidirectional

2

AIR-ANT2413P2M-N=

2.4 GHz

13 dBi

Directional

1

AIR-ANT5180V-N

5 GHz

8 dBi

Omnidirectional

2

AIR-ANT5114P2M-N=

5 GHz

14 dBi

Directional

1

For additional antenna specifications, see the Cisco Aironet Antenna and Accessories Reference Guide.

The access points are provided with a moldable sealant to protect the antenna connector from weather. Consult the installation guide for proper installation.

Lightning Arrestors

When you use cables between the antenna and the Cisco Aironet 1532E access point, Cisco recommends that you add lightning arrestors to each port, particularly when the deployment is in an area with high lightning activity. The lightning arrestor listed in Table 6 provides robust protection against induced currents in the RF cabling generated by nearby lightning strikes.

Note: The lightning arrestor does not protect against direct lightning strikes on the access point.

Lightning Arrestor for the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series

Part Number

Description

AIR-ACC245LA-N=

2.4 and 5 GHz Lightning Arrestor, N Connector

 

Mounting Brackets

Cisco Aironet 1530 Series outdoor access points can be mounted on poles or walls. The standard vertical, pole-mounting brackets can be ordered as an option or as a spare. The mounting brackets with tilt mechanism can be ordered separately as a spare.

Mounting Brackets for the Cisco Aironet 1530 Series

Part Number

Description

AIR-ACC1530-PMK1 (=)

Standard Pole/Wall Mount Kit for AP1530 Series

AIR-ACC1530-PMK2=

Pole Mount Kit for AP1530 Series with Tilt Adjustment

Both pole-mount kits include two sets of stainless-steel bands to fit poles from 2 to 8 inches in diameter. For larger poles, consult a local provider.

 

Software Requirements

The Cisco Aironet 1530 Series requires the minimum software releases noted in the following table.

Minimum Software Releases

Part Number

Minimum Software Release

AIR-CAP1532I-x-K9

Software Release 7.6 or later

AIR-CAP1532E-x-K9

Software Release 7.6 or later

Additional functions are available for the access points with more recent releases. Please see the applicable release notes for more information about features available with newer releases.

Software Ordering Option

Cisco Aironet 1530 Series access points can be deployed in unified or autonomous mode. The access point boots in the default mesh mode and can reboot in autonomous mode with a command-line interface (CLI) command. Both unified and autonomous images are included in the software part number in Table 9.

Software Option for Cisco Aironet 1530 Series

Part Number

Description

SWAP1530-CMB-A1-K9

1530 Series Combined Unified and Autonomous SW

 

Optional Items

Cover and Solar Shield

Cisco 1530 Series outdoor access points can be deployed with an optional paintable cover to enable the access point to blend into the surroundings.

Accessory Kit

Additional cable glands and other spare items are available in an accessory kit (Table 10). This kit contains the following items:

● 10 cable glands

● 1 console port cover

● 2 Ethernet and power port covers

● 1 DC power connector

● 1 ground lug and screws

Cisco Aironet 1530 Series Accessories

Part Number

Description

AIR-ACC1530-CVR=

Cover and Solar Shield for AP1530 Series

AIR-ACC1530-KIT1=

Spare accessory kit for AP1530 Series

If you want to place an order of Cisco Aironet 1530, you can consult router-switch.com’s representative for additional assistance in ordering mesh and other Cisco networking equipment.

 

More Related Cisco Access Points

Cisco Aironet 1530 Series Outdoor Access Point-Features & Models

Cisco Aironet 1552E/EU vs. Aironet 1552C/CU vs.1552I vs.1552H Outdoor Points

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40/100 Gigabit Ethernet for Virtualized Data Center and Campus Networks

January 22 2015 , Written by Cisco & Cisco Router, Network Switch Published on #Networking

It is difficult to achieve optimal performance of your data center and networks, especially in a virtualized environment. Fortunately, effective implementation of 40/100 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) can help pave the way for a fully functional virtualized network. 

In the following guide it explores the benefits of 40/100 GbE implementation in a virtualized environment and how it can maximize existing infrastructure investments.

40/100GbE is rapidly gaining traction as a key foundation for building the next generation of virtualized data center and campus environments. The 40/100GbE-based architecture for virtualized data center and campus is illustrated in the paper. IT managers are increasingly aware of the benefits and advantages1 offered by 40/100GbE as well as its promise as an interconnect option among data centers and commercial buildings in the campus.

On the economic side, barriers to entry in the 40/100GbE space continue to fall. Capital investment in 10GbE networks today can be protected when upgrading to 40/100GbE networks in the future. The Ethernet switching and fiber cabling examples in this paper illustrate:

• 55 percent2 of on switching equipment can be protected

• 57 percent3 of investment on fiber cabling can be preserved

On the availability side, more vendors have supplied solutions for the 40/100GbE ecosystem, and a number of multi-vendor interoperability events on 40/100GbE technology have been hosted by the Ethernet Alliance? With both Cisco? and CommScope? Actively participating. So, early adoption anxieties over locked-in vendor relationships have evaporated. The greater availability from multiple vendors and declining deployment costs due to broader adoption in the marketplace make 40/100GbE infrastructure a sound and prudent investment, both for today and tomorrow.

The increased traction of 40/100GbE has led to its best practice status as the standard for the next generation of high-bandwidth virtualized applications. This adoption has been fueled by both its superior performance and economic benefits in virtualized environments.

40/100GbE based architecture for virtualized Data Center and campus

40-100GbE-based-architecture-for-virtualized-Data-Center-.jpg

Virtualized Data Center

True data center virtualization is end-to-end virtualization, including server virtualization, storage virtualization, and network virtualization, and can result in many diverse benefits. Virtual machines and networks can be quickly and nimbly deployed. Their energy efficiency and capacity can dynamically scale to meet the demands of variable workloads without wasting resources. Disaster recovery is faster, and both initial and ongoing costs can be lower than those of traditional non-virtualized approaches.

In the journey to the virtualized data center and cloud, data center managers face a number of design and operational challenges. One of the most conspicuous challenges for network design is to provide enough bandwidth for the applications of today and the foreseeable future. With converged network technologies, 10GbE, which is becoming a de facto choice for server access networks, can be a good choice for a storage access network as well. Given 10GbE at the access layer, 40/100GbE is recommended for aggregation and core layers of networks in data centers, and this is where 40/100GbE removes the constraints that have previously prevented virtualized data centers from fulfilling their maximum potential.

 

Virtualized Campus

Video is a strongly growing application in campus networks. Video applications are more than just video conferencing or video streaming. Enterprise video applications include desktop high definition video, video phone, enterprise TV, IP video surveillance and other video generation and sharing. Bring your own device (BYOD) is another emerging trend in the campus network. Video, voice, data and BYOD put pressure on a campus’s distribution and core networks.

Compared to traditional layer 2 and 3 network design in the campus, the core and distribution networks can be virtualized by using Virtual Switching System (VSS) with Cisco Catalyst 6500 series switches. VSS is a network system virtualization technology that pools two or more Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches into a virtual one. A VSS scales system bandwidth capacity with automatic load sharing. A VSS increases operational efficiency by simplifying the network and reducing switch management overhead by at least 50 percent. A VSS boosts nonstop communications with no disruption to applications. A VSS enhances existing multilayer switching architecture without fundamentally changing the architecture, resulting in ease of adoption and migration of the technology.

 

Ecosystem

A list of examples of 40/100GbE Ethernet switching and cabling solutions from Cisco and CommScope.

40/100GbE ecosystem examples

 40-100GbE-Ecosystem-Examples.jpg

The new Cisco Catalyst 6900 Series 4-Port 40GbE Fiber Module (WS-X6904-40G) for the Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switches was developed for deployment in the enterprise campus distribution layer and core layer, in traditional data centers with 10 Gigabit aggregation, and in metro-Ethernet-based data center interconnections, as well as in multipurpose service provider networks, which require high-performance data throughput coupled with security, manageability, virtualization, and quality of service.

The WS-X6904-40G module supports 10GbE and 40GbE interfaces. Figure 2 shows the 10GbE and 40GbE interfaces of Cisco Catalyst 6500 series switches. This new module is the only solution that supports both connections in a single format, for flexible migration. There are also many other new and exciting capabilities unique to the WS X6904-40G module, such as CTS (Cisco Trust Sec) for end-to-end role-based security deployment using SGT (Security Group Tagging) and SGACL (Security Group Access Control List) and link-by-link encryption based on IEEE 802.1AE MACsec (MAC based Security) standard, VNTag (Virtual Network Tag), and extensive quality of services features. The 40GbE Fiber Module is a perfect choice for forming a campus core network by interconnecting the physical switches of a VSS in core/distribution layer networks in the campus. It also can be utilized to connect access switches to a VSS at the distribution layer of the campus network. Users are deploying this module today and using it for four 10GbE links until they really need a true 40GbE channel.

Cisco Catalyst 10GbE and 40GbE Fiber Modules and optical transceivers

10GbE-and-40GbE-interfaces-of-Cisco-Catalyst-6500-series-sw.png

CommScope SYSTIMAX? InstaPATCH? 360 Pre-Terminated Fiber Solutions enable network operations in the data center at the current 10GbE speed of today, while provisioning for eventual upgrades to 40GbE and/or 100GbE. These solutions were tested, qualified and demonstrated in multi-vendor closed-door and open-to-public environments at both transceiver and system levels.4 Results repeatedly demonstrated that the performance of InstaPATCH 360 Pre-Terminated Fiber Solutions and LazrSPEED? Multimode fiber solutions far exceed the cable reach specified in IEEE Std. 802.3baTM-2010, “40 and 100 Gigabit Ethernet” standards.

SYSTIMAX InstaPATCH 360 Pre-Terminated Fiber Solutions utilize the standard Method B polarity scheme. Customers who have chosen the fiber solution have invested in high-performance and high-quality fiber solutions, but also have purchased peace of mind: their data center fiber cabling infrastructure is ready for 40/100GbE whenever and wherever they need it. The eventual upgrade can be a simple and painless process. Figure 3 shows samples of SYSTIMAX InstaPATCH 360 Pre-Terminated Fiber Solutions.

Samples of SYSTIMAX InstaPATCH 360 Pre-Terminated Fiber Solution

Samples-of-SYSTIMAX-InstaPATCH-360-Pre-Terminated-Fiber-Sol.png

 

Solutions Designed to Maximize Return on Investment

The switching solutions from Cisco and cabling solutions from CommScope enable easy adoption of 10GbE today and seamless upgrades to 40/100GbE in the future.

The Cisco Catalyst 6500 E-Series chassis, 6900 series 10GbE and 40GbE modules, and Supervisor T2 module provide the easy upgrades. End users’ investment protection can be achieved by redeploying the common components. The common switching components may include a Catalyst 6500 E-Series chassis, a supervisor module Sup2T, and two power supplies. As illustrated in the example in Figure 4, end users can save 55 percent1 of capital expense on the common components for 40GbE short reach (SR), or 47 percent1 of expenses for 40GbE long reach (LR) when upgrading from 10GbE.

40GbE deployment in campus

40GbE-deployment-in-campus.jpg

Similarly, CommScope SYSTIMAX InstaPATCH 360 Pre-Terminated Fiber Solutions offer seamless migration from 10GbE to 40/100GbE with investment preservation. A typical preterminated multimode fiber cabling channel is composed of components such as apparatus, patch cord, patch panel or shelf, and Multi-Fiber Push On (MPO) trunk cable. Figure 5 illustrates the fiber cabling channel for 10, 40 and 10 Gigabit Ethernet link, respectively. It’s noticeable that the common cabling component among the three channels in Figure 5 is the pre-terminated fiber trunk cable. Figure 5 also provides a cabling infrastructure migration path from 10GbE today to 40 or 100GbE in the future.

Fiber cabling migrations from 10GbE to 40/100GbE

Fiber-cabling-migrations-from-10GbE-to-40-100GbE.png

Each physical Ethernet link has one cabling channel. The cabling cost of four 10GbE links (or channels), one 40GbE link, ten 10GbE links and one 100GbE. The cost is the result of adding the costs of all the cabling components and then dividing the sum by the number of Ethernet links (or cabling channels) for each corresponding speed.

The investment preservation example5 on pre-terminated fiber cabling

The-investment-preservation-example5-on-pre-terminated-fibe.png

With the reuse of the common cabling components—which are the SYSTIMAX InstaPATCH 360 Trunk Cable and 360G2-1U Modular Shelf in this example—end users can save 57 percent2 of the capital expense on multimode fiber cabling when migrating from today’s 10GbE to either 40GbE or 100GbE in the future.

The costs for 4x10G and 10x10G fiber cabling are denoted in Figure 6 for a rough reference to their corresponding counterparts of 40 and 100GbE, respectively. The fiber cabling cost for 1x40G is close to the one for 4x10G, while the 1x100G cost is 19 percent less than the one for 10x10G’s cost, in this example.

You may be wondering why the cost of the MPO cable increases when migrating from 4x10G to 1x40G and from 10x10G to 1x100G. This is because, as there are unused fibers, only a fraction of the trunk cost is allocated to the 10GbE scenarios; but for the 40G and 100G scenarios, the total trunk cost is allocated. In other words, only four out of six possible fiber circuits are lit in the 4x10G case, so only 4/6ths of the cost is applied. Similarly, only 10 out of 12 possible fiber circuits are lit in the 10x10G case so only 10/12ths of the cost is applied. Notice that the 57 percent investment preservation on fiber is not the only saving for end users.

When the distribution and core layer networks migrate to 40/100GbE, the apparatus and cords can be reused in other parts of the networks: for example, the access layer network for 10GbE or even Fibre Channel SAN networks. By doing so, end users may preserve more of their investment.

The ongoing adoption of 40/100GbE is already redefining the IT landscape. It represents the first step toward the next generation of high-bandwidth connectivity demanded by virtualized data centers and campuses. As 40/100GbE continues to unlock the full performance and economic potential of virtualized environments and more campus deployments, it will undoubtedly solidify its position as the new standard for best practice, speed and reliability.

Because it affords instant benefits as well as a streamlined upgrade path, forward-looking IT managers would be well advised to include 40/100GbE as a key part of any upgrade or new deployment plans, particularly those that include a need for campus-wide interconnectivity between data centers, and inside data centers and office buildings. In particular, Cisco Catalyst 6500 series switches with their 40GbE fiber module and CommScope SYSTIMAX InstaPATCH 360 pre-terminated, LazrSPEED and TeraSPEED? fiber solutions deliver the performance and reliability that position today’ s investment for rich returns in the future.

References and Notes

1. G. Chanda from Cisco and Y. Yang from CommScope, “40 GbE: What, Why & Its Market Potential”, Ethernet Alliance white paper, November, 2010

2. The two percentages can vary based on a number of factors, such as hardware configurations, purchasing prices, etc. The new installation must be tested and meet the specifications issued by Cisco Systems.

3. The percentage can vary based on a number of factors, such as MPO trunk cable length, cabling channel configurations, purchasing prices, etc. The new installation must be tested and meet the specifications issued by CommScope SYSTIMAX.

4. D. Hall and Y. Yang from CommScope, “40/100 Gigabit Ethernet Eco-System is Alive and Well”, CommScope white paper, 2011

5. In the example of Figure 6, the MPO trunk cable length is 174 feet and the cord length is 10 feet. These lengths are determined based on Paul Kolesar’s contribution to IEEE 802.3 Next Gen 40G and 100G Optics Study Group in May 2012, “Cabling Cost-Centroid Lengths for Simplified Total Cost Comparisons”.

The multimode fiber cabling channel configuration for the example in Figure 6 is an interconnect configuration. In the 10GbE cabling channels, two fiber modules are connected back to back by MPO trunk cables, and LC jumpers are plugged in to connect the fiber modules at both ends. In the 40/100GbE cabling channels, two MPO adapter panels are connected back to back by an MPO trunk cable, and equipment cords are plugged into MPO adapter panels at both ends.

The following table lists the products used in the cost study for the investment preservation example5 on pre-terminated fiber cabling

the-products-used-in-the-cost-study-for-the-investm-copy-1.jpg

 

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